Journal article

Learning Multi-Modal Dictionaries

Real-world phenomena involve complex interactions between multiple signal modalities. As a consequence, humans are used to integrate at each instant perceptions from all their senses in order to enrich their understanding of the surrounding world. This paradigm can be also extremely useful in many signal processing and computer vision problems involving mutually related signals. The simultaneous processing of multi-modal data can in fact reveal information that is otherwise hidden when considering the signals independently. However, in natural multi-modal signals, the statistical dependencies between modalities are in general not obvious. Learning fundamental multi-modal patterns could offer a deep insight into the structure of such signals. Typically, such recurrent patterns are shift invariant, thus the learning should try to find the best matching filters. In this paper we present an algorithm for iteratively learning multi-modal generating functions that can be shifted at all positions in the signal. The learning is defined in such a way that it can be accomplished by iteratively solving a generalized eigenvector problem, which makes the algorithm fast, flexible and free of user-defined parameters. The proposed algorithm is applied to audiovisual sequences and we show that it is able to discover underlying structures in the data.

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