Piezoelectric properties of Li- and Ta-modified (K0.5Na0.5)NbO3 ceramics
Lead-free, potassium sodium niobate piezoelectric ceramics substituted with lithium (K0.5-x/2,Na0.5-x/2,Li-x)NbO3 or lithium and tantalum (K0.5-x/2,Na0.5-x/2,Li-x)(Nb1-y,Ta-y)O-3 have been synthesized by traditional solid state sintering. The compositions chosen are among those recently reported to show high piezoelectric properties [Y. Saito, H. Takao, T. Tani, T. Nonoyama, K. Takatori, T. Homma, T. Nagaya, and M. Nakamura, Nature (London) 42, 84 (2004); Y. Guo, K. Kakimoto, and H. Ohsato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4121 (2004); Mater. Lett. 59, 241 (2005)]. We show that high densities and piezoelectric properties can be obtained for all compositions by pressureless sintering in air, without cold isostatic pressing, and without any sintering aid or special powder treatment. Resonance and converse piezoelectric (strain-field) measurements show a thickness coupling coefficient k(t) of 53% and converse piezoelectric coefficient d(33) around 200 pm/V for the Li-substituted ceramics, and a k(t) of 52% and d(33) over 300 pm/V for the Li- and Ta-modified samples. The unipolar strain-field hysteresis is small and comparable to that measured under similar conditions in hard Pb(Zr,Ti)O-3. A peak of piezoelectric properties can be noted close to the morphotropic phase boundary. These ceramics look very promising as possible, practicable, lead-free replacements for lead zirconate titanate.(C) 2005 American Institute of Physics.
Hollenstein, E Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Ceram Lab, Lausanne, Switzerland Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Ceram Lab, Lausanne, Switzerland
Cited References Count:14
Record created on 2006-08-21, modified on 2016-08-08