Cold-field-emission test of the fatigued state of Pb(ZrxTi1-x)O-3 films
Fatigue phenomena occurring in Pb(ZrxTi1-x)O-3 ferroelectric thin-film capacitors (FECAP) with Pt electrodes are studied by means of conduction measurements in the cold-field-emission (tunneling) regime. We have determined that conduction in virgin FECAPs is controlled by tunneling at temperatures 100-140 K and electric fields (2.3-3.0 MV/cm). The Fowler-Nordheim equation successfully describes observed current-voltage relations for reasonable values of the semiconductor parameters of the system. Fatigue of the switching polarization induced by bipolar voltage cycling provokes a substantial increase in tunneling conduction, shifting the I-V curve to lower fields by some 0.5 MV/cm. The partial restoration of the switching polarization produced by heating of the sample up to 490 K results in a complete restoration of the initial current-voltage characteristic. It is shown that the fatigue-induced increase in conduction can be modeled by the charging of an interfacial layer of a thickness comparable with the tunneling length. This interpretation is consistent with a fatigue scenario related to the space-charge-assisted blocking of near-by-electrode centers of domain nucleation. (C) 1998 American Institute of Physics. [S0003-6951(98)03536-0].
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Stolichnov, I Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Ceram Lab, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Ceram Lab, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
Cited References Count:15
Record created on 2006-08-21, modified on 2016-08-08