The cytotoxic effect of titanium particles phagocytosed by osteoblasts
The cytotoxic effect of different concentrations of titanium particles on osteoblasts was studied in vitro. It was found that the viability of the osteoblasts was inversely proportional to the particle concentration. Phagocytosis of particles by the osteoblasts was evident and was demonstrated to be responsible for cell necrosis. Moreover, during and after phagocytosis, the osteoblasts released products that were cytotoxic for other osteoblasts, as established with a conditioned medium assay. The titanium particles thus had both a direct and an indirect effect on osteoblast viability. It also was observed that the titanium particles induced a process of programmed cell death (apoptosis) when co-cultured with osteoblasts. The results of this study suggest that not only is the amount of wear debris generated important, but the local accumulation of the debris also may have a significant impact on bone cell function.
- URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=10397998
Keywords: Analysis of Variance ; Animals ; Apoptosis/drug effects ; Cell Survival/drug effects ; Cells ; Cultured ; Necrosis ; Osteoblasts/*drug effects ; Phagocytosis/*drug effects ; Rats ; Research Support ; Non-U.S. Gov't ; Titanium/*toxicity
Department of Bioengineering, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, California 92093-0412, USA.
Record created on 2006-07-25, modified on 2016-08-08