Infoscience

Journal article

Characterization of epoxy resin surface energetics

This study has characterized the energetics of both the liquid state and the solid state of two commercially available epoxy resins: a DGEBA- and a TGMDA-based epoxy system. The surface properties of the liquid epoxies were evaluated by wetting measurements using a dynamic contact angle analysis (DCA). The Lifshitz-van der Waals components of the surface tension were found to be similar for both epoxy systems, while the acid-base components were found to be slightly different. Two different techniques were used to characterize the cured epoxy surface properties: wetting measurements and vapor adsorption measurements by means of inverse gas chromatography (IGC). The Lifshitz-van der Waals components of the surface energy were observed to be nearly the same for both epoxies, confirming that both resins have the same potential for non-specific interactions, in both liquid and solid states. Evaluations of the acid-base components of the work of adhesion by DCA and the Gibbs free energy change by IGC suggest that both cured epoxies show non-negligible specific interactions with both acidic and basic probes. However, computations of the accepticity and donicity parameters showed that both cured epoxies are predominantly basic, but also possess non-negligible acidity. It is likely that the presence of water on the solid surface contributes to the acidic character of the cured epoxies. The temperature dependence of the liquid surface tension for both epoxy systems was investigated. The same temperature dependence was observed: the surface tension decreased with temperature, following a linear regression. Corrections for viscous-drag effects on the liquid surface tension measurements were also made.

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