Infoscience

Journal article

Evaluation of solubility parameters during polymerisation of amine-cured epoxy resins

A new procedure for the calculation of solubility parameter evolution during polymerisation has been developed for amine-cured epoxy systems, which allows quantitative thermodynamic modelling of chemically induced phase separation (CIPS). Solubility parameters calculation, chemical analysis based on near infrared spectroscopy and curing kinetics results obtained by differential scanning calorimetry will allow to model the evolution of the Flory–Huggins interaction parameter in amine-cured epoxy blends. The resin system investigated was based on a diglycidyl ether bisphenol A (DGEBA) epoxy resin cured with isophorone diamine (IPD) blended with various reactive epoxydised dendritic hyperbranched polymer modifiers (HBP), yielding a CIPS-controlled morphology. The analysis showed the evolution of the different contributions to the solubility parameters to follow the polymerisation kinetics. The dispersive contribution had the highest value at all stages of polymerisation, but the hydrogen and polar contributions showed the largest variation. By evaluating the dynamic evolution of the solubility parameter components, the Flory–Huggins interaction parameter in the epoxy resin-hyperbranched polymer blends has been modelled as a function of time. This procedure, combined with thermodynamic modelling, will enable to predict phase diagrams in CIPS thermosetting blends quantitatively.

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