Optimal FEC Rate for Media Streaming in Active Networks
This paper addresses the problem of optimal channel rate allocation for media streaming in active networks, where intermediate nodes are able to perform basic FEC decoding/encoding operations. FEC performance is analyzed in the case of hop-by-hop FEC protection, and compared with an end-to-end FEC scenario, in order to demonstrate the benefits of FEC operations in the intermediate nodes. An optimization problem is formulated, based on a distortion model for video streaming over lossy channels. Finally, the two streaming scenarios are compared in the particular case of MPEG-4 video, under a constrained end-to- end delay. FEC operations in intermediate nodes are shown to become especially useful when the links on the streaming path have quite heterogenous characteristics.