A novel approach to shadow detection is presented in this paper. The method is based on the use of invariant color models to identify and to classify shadows in digital images. The procedure is divided into two levels: first, shadow candidate regions are extracted; then, by using the invariant color features, shadow candidate pixels are classified as self shadow points or as cast shadow points. The use of invariant color features allows a low complexity of the classification stage. Experimental results show that the method succeeds in detecting and classifying shadows within the environmental constrains assumed as hypotheses, which are less restrictive than state-of-the-art methods with respect to illumination conditions and scene's layout.