A Frequency-Domain Silence Noise Model

This paper proposes a simple, computationally efficient 2-mixture model approach to discrimination between speech and background noise. It is directly derived from observations on real data, and can be used in a fully unsupervised manner, with the EM algorithm. A first application to sector-based, joint audio source localization and detection, using multiple microphones, confirms that the model can provide major enhancement. A second application to the single channel speech recognition task in a noisy environment yields major improvement on stationary noise and promising results on non-stationary noise.

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