PLSA-based Image Auto-Annotation: Constraining the Latent Space

We address the problem of unsupervised image auto-annotation with probabilistic latent space models. Unlike most previous works, which build latent space representations assuming equal relevance for the text and visual modalities, we propose a new way of modeling multi-modal co-occurrences, constraining the definition of the latent space to ensure its consistency in semantic terms (words), while retaining the ability to jointly model visual information. The concept is implemented by a linked pair of Probabilistic Latent Semantic Analysis (PLSA) models. On a 16000-image collection, we show with extensive experiments and using various performance measures, that our approach significantly outperforms previous joint models.

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