As part of a case study, rational strategies for the prepn. of all ten 2-, 3-, or 4-pyridinecarboxylic acids and all nine 2-, 3-, 4-, or 8-quinolinecarboxylic acids bearing trifluoromethyl substituents at the 2-, 3-, or 4-position were elaborated. The trifluoromethyl group, if not already present in the precursor, was introduced either by the deoxygenative fluorination of suitable carboxylic acids with sulfur tetrafluoride or by the displacement of ring-bound bromine or iodine by trifluoromethylcopper generated in situ. The carboxy function was produced by treatment of organolithium or organomagnesium intermediates, products of halogen/metal or hydrogen/metal permutation, with carbon dioxide. [on SciFinder (R)]