Journal article

Bridging the final gap in stereocontrolled Wittig reactions: methoxymethoxy-armed allylic phosphorus ylides affording conjugated dienes with high cis selectivity

After treatment with an appropriate base (butyllithium or sodium amide), 2-alkenyltris(2-methoxymethoxyphenyl)phosphonium salts carrying an allyl, crotyl, or prenyl (3-methyl-2-butenyl) side chain condense with satd. or unsatd. aldehydes to give conjugated dienes with Z/E ratios ranging from 90:10 to > 99:1 and averaging 96:4. Owing to steric congestion, yields are only moderate (on av. 41%; extremes 10-79%). The nonvolatile tris(2-methoxymethoxyphenyl)phosphine oxide byproduct can be readily isolated and reduced to recover the phosphane starting material, or it may be hydrolyzed to the water-sol. tris(2-hydroxyphenyl)phosphine oxide. [on SciFinder (R)]


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