Journal article

Cis selectivity of salt-free Wittig reactions: a "Leeward Approach" of the aldehyde at the origin?

In THF at 25 Deg, Et3P:CHMe reacts with heptanal, Me3CCHO, PhCHO and p-ClC6H4CHO to afford, after 2-4 h, the corresponding olefins in 89-99% yield. In each case the trans isomer prevails, cis/trans ratios ranging from 33:67 to 4:96. The remarkable cis-stereoselectivity of Wittig reactions using triphenylphosphonium alkylides is now attributed to a very specific and almost rigid orientation of the Ph groups around the P atom, which sterically hinders approach to the aldehyde in a way that would lead to the formation of a trans-substituted oxaphosphetane. [on SciFinder (R)]


Related material