Journal article

Influence of residual ethanol concentration on the growth of Gluconacetobacter xylinus I 2281

The influence of residual ethanol on metab. of food grade Gluconacetobacter xylinum I 2281 was investigated during controlled cultivations on 35 g/l glucose and 5 g/l ethanol. Bacterial growth was strongly reduced in the presence of ethanol, which is unusual for acetic acid bacteria. Biomass accumulated only after complete oxidn. of ethanol to acetate and carbon dioxide. In contrast, bacterial growth initiated without delay on 35 g/l glucose and 5 g/l acetate. It was found that acetyl CoA was activated by the acetyl CoA synthetase (Acs) pathway in parallel with the phosphotransacetylase (Pta)-acetate kinase (Ack) pathway. The presence of ethanol in the culture medium strongly reduced Pta activity while Acs and Ack remained active. A carbon balance calcn. showed that the overall catabolism could be divided into two independent parts: upper glycolysis linked to glucose catabolism and lower glycolysis linked to ethanol catabolism. This calcn. showed that the carbon flux through the tricarboxylic cycle is lower on ethanol than on acetate. This corroborated the diminution of carbon flux through the Pta-Ack pathway due to the inhibition of Pta activity on ethanol. [on SciFinder (R)]


Related material