Electrochemical promotion of catalysis

A review with refs. concerning electrochem. promotion of catalysis is presented. Recent progress made in our lab. in the field of electrochem. promotion of heterogeneous catalytic gas reactions is presented. The phenomenon consists of non-Faradaic modification of the catalytic reaction rate as the result of electrochem. polarization of the interface between the catalyst and the solid electrolyte support. Two main aspects are addressed, the description of the phenomenon and the development of bipolar cell configurations suitable for practical applications. It is shown that the necessary condition to achieve electrochem. promotion is the formation of a double layer at the catalyst/gas interface by mechanism of ion backspillover from the solid electrolyte support. Electrochem. promotion is only feasible in an adequate temp. range, limited by the mobility and the lifetime of the promoting ion, and it is favored by high porosity and low film thickness of the catalyst. On the application side, two new cell designs have been developed, a ring-shaped and a multiple-channel configuration, both operated in bipolar polarization mode. The ring-shaped cell is shown to be almost free of current bypass. Feasibility of electrochem. promotion is successfully demonstrated with both configurations. Realization of efficient bipolar cell configurations for electrochem. promotion is very promising in view of future applications in dispersed catalytic systems. [on SciFinder (R)]

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Chimia, 56, 4, 137-142
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 Record created 2006-02-22, last modified 2018-03-17

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