Tracking elementary particles near their primary vertex: a combinatorial approach
Colliding beams experiments High Energy Physics rely on solid state detectors to track the flight paths of charged elementary particles near their primary point of interaction. Reconstructing tracks in this region requires, per collision, a partitioning of up to 10^3 highly correlated observations into an unknown number of tracks. We report on the succesful implementation of a combinatorial track finding algorithm to solve this pattern recognition problem in the context of the ALEPH experiment ar CERN. Central to the implementation is a 5-dimensional axial assignment are obtained by means of an extended Kalman filter. A preprocessing step, involving the clustering and geometric partitioning of the observations, ensures reasonable bounds on the size of the poblems, which are solved using a branch & bound algorithm with LP relaxation. Convergence is reached within one second of CPU time on a RISC workstation in average.
Record created on 2006-02-13, modified on 2016-08-08