Rhamnogalacturonan alpha-D-galactopyranosyluronohydrolase - An enzyme that specifically removes the terminal nonreducing galacturonosyl residue in rhamnogalacturonan regions of pectin

A new enzyme, rhamnogalacturonan (RG) alpha-D-galactopyranosyluronohydrolase (RG-galacturonohydrolase), able to release a galacturonic acid residue from the nonreducing end of RG chains but not from homogalacturonan, was purified from an Aspergillus aculeatus enzyme preparation. RG-galacturonohydrolase acted with inversion of anomeric configuration, initially releasing beta-D-galactopyranosyluronic acid. The enzyme cleaved smaller RG substrates with the highest catalytic efficiency. A Michaelis constant of 85 mu M and a maximum reaction rate of 160 units mg(-1) was found toward a linear RG fragment with a degree of polymerization of 6. RG-galacturonohydrolase had a molecular mass of 66 kD, an isoelectric point of 5.12, a pH optimum of 4.0, and a temperature optimum of 50 degrees C. The enzyme was most stable between pH 3.0 and 6.0 (for 24 h at 40 degrees C) and up to 60 degrees C (for 3 h).

Published in:
Plant Physiol., 117, 1, 153-163

 Record created 2006-02-09, last modified 2018-01-27

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