RHAMNOGALACTURONAN ALPHA-L-RHAMNOPYRANOHYDROLASE - A NOVEL ENZYME SPECIFIC FOR THE TERMINAL NONREDUCING RHAMNOSYL UNIT IN RHAMNOGALACTURONAN REGIONS OF PECTIN

Two alpha-L-rhamnohydrolases with different substrate specificities were isolated from a commercial preparation produced by Aspergillus aculeatus. The first rhamnohydrolase was active toward p-nitrophenyl-alpha-L-rhamnopyranoside, naringin, and hesperidin and was termed p-nitrophenyl-alpha-L-rhamnopyranohydrolase (pnp-rhamnohydrolase). From the data collected, the enzyme seemed specific for the alpha-1,2- or alpha-1,6-linkage to beta-D-glucose. The pnp-rhamnohydrolase had a molecular mass of 87 kD (sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis), a pH optimum of 5.5 to 6, a temperature optimum of 60 degrees C, and a specific activity toward pnp-alpha-L-rhamnopyranoside (pnp-Rha) of 13 units mg(-1) protein. The second rhamnohydrolase, on the contrary, was active toward rhamnogalacturonan (RG) fragments, releasing Rha, and was therefore termed RG-rhamnohydrolase. The RG-rhamnohydrolase had a molecular mass of 84 kD, a pH optimum of 4, a temperature optimum of 60 degrees C, and a specific activity toward RG oligomers of 60 units mg(-1) protein. The RG-rhamnohydrolase liberated Rha from the nonreducing end of the pc chain and appeared specific for the alpha-1,4-linkage to alpha-D-galacturonic acid. The enzyme was hindered when this terminal Rha residue was substituted at the 4-position by a beta-D-galactose. The results so far obtained did not indicate particular preference of the enzyme for low or high molecular mass RG fragments. From the results it can be concluded that a new enzyme, an RG alpha-L-rhamnopyranohydrolase, has been isolated with high specificity toward RG regions of pectin.


Published in:
Plant Physiol., 106, 1, 241-250
Year:
1994
ISSN:
0032-0889
Laboratories:




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