Infoscience

Journal article

Numerical Simulation of Macrosegregation : a Comparison between FVM and FEM Predictions and a Confrontation with Experiments

Micro-macrosegregation calculations have been performed for a rectangular cavity containing either a Pb-48 wt pct Sn alloy or a Sn-5 wt pct Pb alloy. The numerical results calculated with a finite volume method (FVM) and a finite element method (FEM) are compared with experimental results previously obtained by Hebditch and Hunt.([1]) The two methods are based on the same average conservation equations governing heat and mass transfer and the same assumptions: lever rule, equal and constant density of the solid and liquid phases (except in the buoyancy term), permeability of the mushy zone given by the Carman-Kozeny relation, and no transport of the solid phase. Although the same parameters are used in both calculations, small differences are observed as a result of the different formulations. In particular, the instabilities appearing in the mushy zone (channels) of the Sn-5 wt pct Pb alloy are more pronounced with the FVM formulation as compared with FEM, whereas the opposite trend is observed for the Pb-48 wt pct Sn alloy. Nevertheless, the final segregation maps at the end of solidification compare fairly well with the experimental findings.

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