JOE : A mobile, Inverted Pendulum
The Industrial Electronics Laboratory at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL) in Lausanne has built a prototype of a revolutionary two-wheeled vehicle. Due to its configuration with two coaxial wheels, each of which is coupled to a DC Motor, the vehicle is able to do stationary U-turns. A control system, made up of two decoupled state space controllers, pilots the motors so as to keep the system in equilibrium. See http://leiwww.epfl.ch/joe for a video demonstration of JOE.