The State has substantially evolved over the past decades. Global phenomena, such as globalization, liberalization and cultural changes, challenge the State to face pertinent changes. More than ever, technology influences and will influence public participation and political mobilization in the future. Our paper is structured into four sections. In the first section, the paper describes our approach towards e-Governance in the framework of State transformation. The second section will point out current definitions and conceptualizations of enter-prise architecture (EA) and related frameworks. The explor¬ative third part will on the one hand highlight the potential, EA offers for e-Governance, and on the other hand it will critically examine the approach of putting EA into service for e-Governance. Part four is composed of a complementary perspective to the input of EA. Our paper is thus a contribu¬tion to a better understanding of how e-Governance is not only part of, but moreover actively shapes the transformation Anybody took care of administrative or government related processes, except the standard must-have permission or decla¬ration procedures. However, this has changed. The dot-com hype vanished and globalization came up with its more un¬pleasant side. A global regression and a market consolidation in almost every business sector urged society and government to react. A very turbulent and downstream oriented economy heavily questioned State-run governance mechanisms and public policy systems. Second to none, information technol¬ogy, represented by the internet, enables the actors in society and industry to critically asses the role and functionality of governments and administration. Initiated by industry and driven by societal pressures, the State is more then ever forced to apply standard economic methodologies such as process reengineering or outsourcing. Information and technology are forcing governments and administration to challenge their own structures and procedures. of the State, government, and public administration. The purpose of this paper is to enhance e-Governance theory towards a general implementation methodology.