Modeling and experimental validation of solid oxide fuel cell materials and stacks
Results on solid oxide fuel cell stacks tested at 800° C with H2 fuel and using planar Ni-zirconia anode supported cells, 80x80x0.2 mm in size, are presented. Modeling and numerical simulation is used to interpret observed results and develop improved designs. Where neccessary, the models are calibrated with additional experimental data. Emphasis is placed on the critical issue of nickel anode reoxidation, related to the fuel flow field. Consideration is also given to gradients of temperature and current density developing over the cells and predicted by the models; local current density could be validated by measurement. Flow distribution within stacks is also illustrated by both experimental and modeling results.