Adaptive Delay aware error control for Internet Telephony

Forward Error Correction copes with packet losses, but at the expense of an increase of the end-to-end delay. By failing to take this into account, existing error control schemes for audio often lead to end-to-end delays larger than 150 ms, which has an impact on the perceived audio quality. In this paper, we develop an adaptive error control scheme for audio which is delay aware, i.e. which incorporates the impact on the end-to-end delay in the choice of FEC. To this end, we model the perceived audio quality as a function of the end-to-end delay and of the encoding rate at destination. We develop a joint rate/error/delay control algorithm which optimizes this measure of quality and is TCP-Friendly. We show that our scheme increases utility in a single class best effort network. We evaluate the benefit for audio sources to use the Alternative Best Effort service, which offers applications the choice between lower end-to-end delay and more overall throughput.


Year:
2000
Keywords:
Note:
Real-time audio over Best-Effort networks often suffers from varying packet loss rates, delays and available bandwidth. Forward Error Correction (FEC) is an efficient way to cope with packet losses. But the use of FEC has one main drawback: it increases the end-to-end delay (the more redundant information is sent, the longer the destination has to wait to receive it). Yet, it is recognized that above a certain threshold (around 150ms), the end-to-end delay becomes noticeable and may have a non negligible impact on the perceived audio quality. Existing error control schemes for audio aim at maximizing the audio quality at the destination without taking the end-to-end delay into account. This often leads to delays unnecessarily passing this critical threshold. In this paper, we develop an adaptive error control scheme for audio which is delay aware, namely, which chooses the FEC according to its impact on the end-to-end delay. To this end, we model the perceived audio quality as a function of the encoding rate received at the destination and the end-to-end delay. Then, we develop joint rate/error/delay control algorithms which: (1) optimize this measure of audio quality (also called utility) and (2) are TCP-Friendly. The validation of a particular model of perceived quality is out the scope of this paper. In a single class best effort network (also refered as 'Flat' network), we show that our scheme increases the utility by avoiding that a source waste delay on FEC when it is not necessary. Then, we also consider Alternative Best Effort (ABE) networks. ABE is a differentiated service that offers Applications the trade-off between receiving a lower end-to-end delay or more overall throughput. We investigate whether there is a real benefit, for the audio sources, to trade delay for throughput (and packet losses).
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 Record created 2005-07-13, last modified 2018-01-27

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