Injectable calcium phosphate hydraulic cement (CPHC) is a new bone substitute family. This study aimed to evaluate the use of CPHC in surgical periodontitis-simulating defects in a dog model. CPHC was obtained by adding powder mixtures of different calcium phosphates with different solubility. Alveolar bone was removed by drilling over the mesial and distal roots of the 2nd mandibular premolar in six dogs. The defects were randomly selected, three were untreated and six treated. The defects had a depth of 6 mm and a width of 3 mm. The animals were sacrificed after 9 months and samples prepared, with no decalcification, for histological evaluation. Seventy-nine percent of the root was covered by bone in the experimental defects, compared to 41% of the root for the control defects. Bone height was significantly higher for the experimental defects (4.9 ±0.9 mm) than for the control defects (1.4 ±0.5 mm). After 9 months, 97 ±6% of the CPHC was degradated and replaced by bone. This study proves the interest of this cement because of the particularly high level of periodontal bone regeneration. The ability of the cement to be easily injected and shaped in bone defects and the immediate immobilization of the teeth after hardening is notable.