The Plenacoustic Function and its Sampling
The spatialization of the sound field in a room is studied, in particular the evolution of room impulse responses as a function of their spatial positions. It was observed that the multidimensional spectrum of the solution of the wave equation has an almost bandlimited character. Therefore, sampling and interpolation can easily be applied using signals on an array. The decay of the spectrum is studied on both temporal and spatial frequency axes. The influence of the decay on the performance of the interpolation is analyzed. Based on the support of the spectrum, the number and the spacing between the microphones is determined for the reconstruction of the sound pressure field up to a certain temporal frequency and with a certain reconstruction quality. The optimal sampling pattern for the microphone posi- tions is given for the linear, planar and three-dimensional case. Existing techniques usually make use of room models to recreate the sound field present at some point in the space. The presented technique simply starts from the measurements of the sound pres- sure field in a finite number of positions and with this information the sound pressure field can be recreated at any spatial position. Finally, simulations and experimental results are presented and compared with the theory.