Inter-embryo gene expression variability recapitulates the hourglass pattern of evo-devo

Background The evolution of embryological development has long been characterized by deep conservation. In animal development, the phylotypic stage in mid-embryogenesis is more conserved than either early or late stages among species within the same phylum. Hypotheses to explain this hourglass pattern have focused on purifying the selection of gene regulation. Here, we propose an alternative-genes are regulated in different ways at different stages and have different intrinsic capacities to respond to perturbations on gene expression. Results To eliminate the influence of natural selection, we quantified the expression variability of isogenetic single embryo transcriptomes throughout flyDrosophila melanogasterembryogenesis. We found that the expression variability is lower at the phylotypic stage, supporting that the underlying regulatory architecture in this stage is more robust to stochastic variation on gene expression. We present evidence that the phylotypic stage is also robust to genetic variations on gene expression. Moreover, chromatin regulation appears to play a key role in the variation and evolution of gene expression. Conclusions We suggest that a phylum-level pattern of embryonic conservation can be explained by the intrinsic difference of gene regulatory mechanisms in different stages.

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Bmc Biology, 18, 1, 129
Sep 19 2020
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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 Record created 2020-10-15, last modified 2020-10-28

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