Metal Soap Membranes for Gas Separation

Metal soaps or metal alkanoates are metal-organic complexes held together with metal cations and the functional groups of hydrocarbon chains. They can be synthesized at a high yield by simply mixing the metal and organic sources, forming crystalline frameworks with diverse topology, and have been studied in the past because of their rich polymorphism-like liquid crystals. Their ability to melt while retaining the crystalline properties upon cooling is unique among nanoporous materials and is especially attractive for membrane fabrication. Herein, metal soaps as a new class of material for molecular separation are reported. Three metal soaps, Ca(SO4C12H25)(2), Zn(COOC6H13)(2), and Cu(COOC9H19)(2), hosting lamellar structure with molecular-sized channels are synthesized. They are processed in thin, intergrown, polycrystalline films on porous substrates by two scalable methods, interfacial crystallization and melting with an extremely small processing time (a minute to an hour). The resulting crystalline films are oriented with the alkyl chains perpendicular to the porous substrate which favors molecular transport. The prepared membranes demonstrate attractive gas separation behavior, e.g., 300-nm-thick Ca(SO4C12H25)(2)membrane prepared in a minute using interfacial crystallization yields H(2)permeance of 6.1 x 10(-7)mol m(-2)s(-1)Pa(-1)with H-2/CO(2)selectivity of 10.5.


Published in:
Advanced Functional Materials, 2005629
Year:
Sep 24 2020
Publisher:
Weinheim, WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
ISSN:
1616-301X
1616-3028
Keywords:
Laboratories:




 Record created 2020-10-08, last modified 2020-10-27


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