Nonlinear gyrokinetic PIC simulations in stellarators with the code EUTERPE

In this work, the first nonlinear particle-in-cell simulations carried out in a stellarator with the global gyrokinetic code EUTERPE using adiabatic electrons and realistic plasma parameters are reported. Several studies are conducted with the aim of enabling reliable nonlinear simulations in stellarators with this code. First, EUTERPE is benchmarked against ORB5 in both linear and nonlinear settings in a tokamak configuration. Next, the use of noise control and stabilization tools, a Krook-type collision operator, markers' weight smoothing and heating sources is investigated. It is studied in detail how these tools influence the linear growth rate of instabilities in both tokamak and stellarator geometries, and their influence on the linear zonal flow evolution in a stellarator. Then, it is studied how these tools allow improvement of the quality of the results in a set of nonlinear simulations of electrostatic turbulence in a stellarator configuration. Finally, these tools are applied to a W7-X magnetic configuration using experimental plasma parameters.


Published in:
Journal Of Plasma Physics, 86, 5, PII S0022377820000926
Year:
Oct 01 2020
Publisher:
New York, CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS
ISSN:
0022-3778
1469-7807
Keywords:
Laboratories:




 Record created 2020-10-02, last modified 2020-10-29


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