Gaplessness is not generic for translation-invariant spin chains

The existence of a spectral gap above the ground state has far-reaching consequences for the low-energy physics of a quantum many-body system. A recent work of Movassagh [R. Movassagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 220504 (2017)] shows that a spatially random local quantum Hamiltonian is generically gapless. Here we observe that a gap is more common for translation-invariant quantum spin chains, more specifically, that these are gapped with a positive probability if the interaction is of small rank. This is in line with a previous analysis of the spin-1/2 case by Bravyi and Gosset [S. Bravyi and D. Gosset, J. Math. Phys. 56, 061902 (2015)]. The Hamiltonians are constructed by selecting a single projection of sufficiently small rank at random and then translating it across the entire chain. By the rank assumption, the resulting Hamiltonians are automatically frustration-free and this fact plays a key role in our analysis.


Published in:
Physical Review B, 100, 3, 035113
Year:
Jul 15 2019
ISSN:
2469-9950
2469-9969
Laboratories:




 Record created 2020-10-01, last modified 2020-10-27


Rate this document:

Rate this document:
1
2
3
 
(Not yet reviewed)