Programming complex shapes in thin nematic elastomer and glass sheets

Nematic elastomers and glasses are solids that display spontaneous distortion under external stimuli. Recent advances in the synthesis of sheets with controlled heterogeneities have enabled their actuation into nontrivial shapes with unprecedented energy density. Thus, these have emerged as powerful candidates for soft actuators. To further this potential, we introduce the key metric constraint which governs shape-changing actuation in these sheets. We then highlight the richness of shapes amenable to this constraint through two broad classes of examples which we term nonisometric origami and lifted surfaces. Finally, we comment on the derivation of the metric constraint, which arises from energy minimization in the interplay of stretching, bending, and heterogeneity in these sheets.


Published in:
Physical Review E, 94, 1, 010701
Year:
Jul 20 2016
ISSN:
2470-0045
2470-0053
Laboratories:




 Record created 2020-10-01, last modified 2020-10-01


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