Light induced electron spin resonance properties of van der Waals CrX3 (X = Cl, I) crystals

The research on layered van der Waals (vdW) magnets is rapidly progressing owing to exciting fundamental science and potential applications. In bulk crystal form, CrCl3 is a vdW antiferromagnet with in-plane ferromagnetic ordering below 17K, and CrI3 is a vdW ferromagnet below 61K. Here, we report on the electron spin resonance (ESR) properties of CrCl3 and CrI3 single crystals upon photo-excitation in the visible range. We noticed remarkable changes in the ESR spectra upon illumination. In the case of CrCl3, at 10K, the ESR signal is shifted from g=1.492 (dark) to 1.661 (light), the linewidth increased from 376 to 506Oe, and the signal intensity is reduced by 1.5 times. Most interestingly, the observed change in the signal intensity is reversible when the light is cycled on/off. We observed almost no change in the ESR spectral parameters in the paramagnetic phase (>20K) upon illumination. Upon photo-excitation of CrI3, the ESR signal intensity is reduced by 1.9 times; the g-value increased from 1.956 to 1.990; the linewidth increased from 1170 to 1260Oe at 60K. These findings are discussed by taking into account the skin depth, the slow relaxation mechanism, and the appearance of low-symmetry fields at the photo-generated Cr2+ Jahn-Teller centers. Such an increase in the g-value as a result of photo-generated Cr2+ ions is further supported by our many-body wavefunction calculations. This work has the potential to extend to monolayer vdWs magnets by combining ESR spectroscopy with optical excitation and detection.


Published in:
Applied Physics Letters, 117, 8, 082406
Year:
Aug 24 2020
Publisher:
Melville, AMER INST PHYSICS
ISSN:
0003-6951
1077-3118
Keywords:
Laboratories:




 Record created 2020-09-24, last modified 2020-09-24


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