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Abstract

The 1-dimensional reaction-diffusion-convection code TOMATOR-1D describes plasma production by RF waves inside a tokamak using the Braginskii continuity and heat balance equations. The model simulates self-consistent radial density and temperature profiles for magnetised plasma mixtures of hydrogen and helium. The model reproduces the density profiles of X2 electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH) plasmas on TCV and proposes a Bohm-like poloidal magnetic field dependent scaling for anomalous diffusion and a convection scaling that results from drifts in the toroidal magnetic field configuration. A relation is proposed between the anomalous diffusion and the outward convection in toroidal plasmas. It is found that the EC absorption efficiency decreases at higher power, which is understood from the acceleration of electrons beyond the optimal energy for the electron impact ionisation of helium. A dramatic increase of the absorption efficiency is seen at intermediate vertical magnetic field values ofBz=0.25%-0.5%BT

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