Performance Assessment of Double-Layered Timber Plate Shells using Alternative Structural Systems

With recent advances in digital fabrication, innovative wood-wood connections inspired by ancient timber joining techniques have recently been applied to various free-form timber plate structures. This paper focuses on the recently developed double-layered and double-curved timber plate shells. Design, fabrication and numerical automated tools have been successfully developed for these structures. However, three-point bending tests on prototypes composed of fifteen boxes with no curvature have pointed out challenges in the initial assembly system. Namely, failure paths which can be attributed to the herringbone pattern used to segment the target surface were appearing at the stretched bottom layer. This research presents the performance assessment of double-layered timber plate shells using an alternative structural system to the initial one. Numerical investigations were performed to compare both systems in terms of displacements and forces in the joints. The proposed design, involving additional abutment areas of the boxes, was shown to enhance the interlocking connection of the plates and, therefore, the stiffness of the structural system. Tensile forces in the joints were also significantly reduced.

Lázaro, Carlos
Bletzinger, Kai-Uwe
Oñate, Eugenio
Published in:
Proceedings of the IASS Symposium 2019 – Structural Membranes 2019, 2919-2926
Presented at:
IASS Symposium 2019 & Structural Membranes 2019 - Form and Force, Barcelona, Spain, October 7-10, 2019
Oct 09 2019
Barcelona, International Centre for Numerical Methods in Engineering (CIMNE)

 Record created 2020-01-06, last modified 2020-02-03

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