A biosensor for measuring NAD(+) levels at the point of care

The cellular level of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)), through its different functions, affects cellular metabolism and signalling(1-3). A decrease in the NAD(+) content has been associated with various pathologies and physiological aging(4,5), while strategies to boost cellular NAD(+) levels have been shown to be effective against age-related diseases in many animal models(6). The link between decreased NAD(+) levels and numerous pathologies and physiological aging has triggered the need for a simple quantification method for NAD(+), ideally applicable at the point of care. Here, we introduce a bioluminescent biosensor for the rapid quantification of NAD(+) levels in biological samples, which can be used either in laboratories or at the point of care. The biosensor is a semisynthetic, light-emitting sensor protein that changes the colour of emitted light from blue to red on binding of NAD(+). This NAD(+)-dependent colour change enables the use of the biosensor in paper-based assays in which NAD(+) is quantified by measuring the colour of the emitted light by using either a simple digital camera or a plate reader. We used the approach to quantify NAD(+) levels in cell culture, tissue and blood samples, yielding results that agreed with those from standard testing methods. The same biosensor furthermore allows the quantification of NAD(+)-dependent enzymatic activities in blood samples, thus expanding its utility as a tool for point-of-care diagnostics.


Published in:
Nature Metabolism, 1, 12, 1219-+
Year:
Dec 01 2019
Publisher:
London, NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
ISSN:
2522-5812
Keywords:
Laboratories:




 Record created 2020-01-02, last modified 2020-10-25


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