Despite the improving imaging techniques, it remains challenging to produce magnetic resonance (MR) imaging fingerprints depicting severity of acute ischemia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of the overall high-field H-1 MR Spectroscopy (H-1-MRS) neurochemical profile as a metabolic signature for acute ischemia severity in rodent brains. We modeled global ischemia with one-stage 4-vessel-occlusion (4VO) in rats. Vascular structures were assessed immediately by magnetic resonance angiography. The neurochemical responses in the bilateral cortex were measured 1 h after stroke onset by H-1-MRS. Then we used Partial-Least-Squares discriminant analysis on the overall neurochemical profiles to seek metabolic signatures for ischemic severity subgroups. This approach was further tested on neurochemical profiles of mouse striatum 1 h after permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion, where vascular blood flow was monitored by laser Doppler. Magnetic resonance angiography identified successful 4VO from controls and incomplete global ischemia (e.g., 3VO). H-1-MR spectra of rat cortex after 4VO showed a specific metabolic pattern, distinct from that of respective controls and rats with 3VO. Partial-Least-Squares discriminant analysis on the overall neurochemical profiles revealed metabolic signatures of acute ischemia that may be extended to mice after permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion. Fingerprinting severity of acute ischemia using neurochemical information may improve MR diagnosis in stroke patients.