Suppressing tip vortex cavitation by winglets

Despite the numerous remedies prescribed so far, tip vortex cavitation (TVC) remains a major issue in design and operation of diverse applications. In this paper, we experimentally investigate the effectiveness of winglets in suppressing TVC. An elliptical hydrofoil is selected as the baseline geometry and various winglets are realized by bending the last 5 or 10% of the span at +/- 45 degrees and +/- 90 degrees dihedral angles. To better focus on the physics of the problem, we have intentionally avoided any optimization on the geometries and our winglets are only smooth non-planar extensions of the original cross-section. Modifying no more than 3.7% of the lifting surface, lift-and-drag force measurements demonstrate that the hydrodynamic performances of the winglet-equipped hydrofoils are not substantially different from the baseline. Nevertheless, cavitation inception-desinence tests reveal that undeniable advantages are achieved by the winglets in TVC alleviation. It is found that the 10%-bent 90 degrees winglets are more effective than the 45 degrees cases, with - 90 degrees (bent down toward the pressure side) performing superior to + 90 degrees. For instance, the 90 degrees-bent-downward winglet reduces the TVC inception index from 2.5 for the baseline down to 0.8 (a reduction of 68%) at 15 m/s freestream velocity and 14 degrees incidence angle. In addition, the study on the bending length effect conducted for the 90 degrees configurations shows that the 5%-bent winglets are not as striking as the 10% ones. Employing Stereo-PIV technique, the influence of winglets on non-cavitating flow structures is examined. For the most effective winglet (10%-bent 90 degrees-downward), we observe that the maximum tangential velocity of the tip vortex falls to almost half of the baseline and the vortex core size increases significantly (by almost 70%). These effects are accompanied by a tangible reduction in the axial velocity at the vortex core leading to further mitigation of TVC.


Published in:
Experiments In Fluids, 60, 11, 159
Year:
Nov 01 2019
Publisher:
New York, SPRINGER
ISSN:
0723-4864
1432-1114
Keywords:
Laboratories:




 Record created 2019-12-08, last modified 2020-06-10


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