Experimental and numerical study on wave-impact on buildings

Unsteady flows such as tsunamis, impulse waves and dam-break waves can lead to damages and human losses. Hence, specific research to limit casualties and reconstruction costs is needed. The complexity of the phenomena involved suggests that a hybrid experimental-numerical approach should be used to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the process. This paper presents an explorative study on the comparison of SPH numerical simulations using a highly effective parallel computing technique with large scale experimental data for dry bed surges and wet bed bores impacting free-standing buildings with and without openings. These preliminary results showed a relatively good agreement between the two pproaches in the estimation of water depths around the buildings, which represents a key parameter for the design of vertical shelters. Nevertheless, some differences observed during the impact phase may be attributed to the incapability of the SPH numerical simulations to fully capture the turbulent nature of the process and its air-entrainment. These validation tests with detailed experimental data are a promising approach to improve the numerical models toward the development of reliable numerical tools for a safer design of resilient structures.

Published in:
E-proceedings of the 38th IAHR World Congress, 6047-6056
Presented at:
38th IAHR World Congress: Water connecting the world, Panama City, Panama, September 1-6, 2019
Oct 16 2019

Note: The status of this file is: Anyone

 Record created 2019-10-17, last modified 2020-10-26

Download fulltext

Rate this document:

Rate this document:
(Not yet reviewed)