Complex magnetoelectric effect in multiferroic composites: the case of PFN- PT/(Co,Ni)Fe2O4

We report a systematic study of the magnetoelectric (ME) voltage coefficient as a complex quantity in the particulate composite of ferroelectric solid solution 0.94Pb(Fe1/2N1/2)O-3-0.06PbTiO(3)(PFN-PT) with CoFe2O4(CFO) and NiFe2O4 (NFO) ferrites. The results show that the real part of the ME voltage coefficient (alpha') is highly influenced by the magnetostrictive phase through lambda(H). NFO produces larger alpha' at a lower magnetic field, which originates from the softer magnetic properties. In addition, alpha' was found to be positive for NFO composite, while CFO composite shows a negative ME voltage coefficient at high magnetic fields. We argue that the field dependence of alpha' can be interpreted using the dynamic piezomagnetic coefficient, q(ac) = partial derivative lambda(ac)/partial derivative H. The imaginary part of the ME voltage coefficient (alpha '') was also determined for all composites. Both the alpha' and alpha '' show a peak at the same magnetic field, which is attributed to the maximum dynamic piezomagnetism when the magnetic domains are collectively rotated by the dc bias magnetic field. Our results show that the ME voltage coefficient in the composites of PFN-PT/(Co,Ni)Fe2O4 is highly influenced by the content, magnetic softness and field dependence behaviour of magnetostriction of the piezomagnetic phase.

Published in:
Journal of Physics D-Applied Physics, 52, 50, 505001
Dec 11 2019

 Record created 2019-10-09, last modified 2020-04-20

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