Influence of the stacking sequence on the low-energy impact resistance of flax/PA11 composite

In this paper, the low-energy impact behavior of a fully biobased composite made of bio-sourced polyamide 11 resin reinforced with flax fibers was investigated. Different composite laminates were studied in order to determine the stacking sequence effects on the impact behavior of these composites. Four stacking sequences were manufactured: unidirectional [0 degrees](8), cross-ply [0 degrees/90 degrees](2s), sandwich-like [0(2)degrees/90(2)degrees](s) and quasi-isotropic [45 degrees/0/-45 degrees/90 degrees](s). A low impact energy of 3.6 J was applied on these laminates by means of a drop weight impact tower. The impact properties of these lay-ups were ascertained by analysing the impact load history, the maximal displacement of the impactor and the absorbed energy. Damage after impact was further assessed by visual inspections, topographic measurements, C-scan and X-ray micro-tomography observations. The results show that impact damage of composite plates is highly influenced by fiber orientation. The impact test data are in good agreement with damage analysis after impact and indicate that stacking plies in the same orientation lead to a larger induced damage, which is responsible for energy dissipation. The quasi-isotropic composite has the smallest induced damage and the highest peak load. Otherwise, the sandwich-like sequence shows the lowest peak load, the highest energy absorption and significant induced damage. Therefore, it is necessary to choose the most suitable lay-up, in terms of impact behavior, for each considered industrial application.


Published in:
Journal Of Composite Materials, 53, 22, 3187-3198
Year:
Sep 01 2019
Publisher:
London, SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD
ISSN:
0021-9983
1530-793X
Keywords:
Laboratories:




 Record created 2019-08-29, last modified 2019-08-30


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