000268036 001__ 268036
000268036 005__ 20190711081714.0
000268036 0247_ $$a10.5075/epfl-thesis-7806$$2doi
000268036 037__ $$aTHESIS
000268036 041__ $$aeng
000268036 088__ $$a7806
000268036 245__ $$aLes "vestiges" de l'opération Million dans l'oeuvre de Georges Candilis - Actualités et stratégies de sauvegarde pour un patrimoine de l'habitat économique du second après-guerre
000268036 260__ $$aLausanne$$bEPFL$$c2019
000268036 269__ $$a2019
000268036 300__ $$a682
000268036 336__ $$aTheses
000268036 502__ $$aDr Luca Giovanni Pattaroni (président) ; Prof. Franz Graf, Dr Giulia Marino (directeurs) ; Prof. Bruno Marchand, Prof. Richard Klein, Prof. Rémi Papillaut (rapporteurs)
000268036 520__ $$aThe preservation of post-war architecture represents a complex challenge to overcome for different reasons: hesitating recognition, bad perception and a certain material fragility. Especially the economic post-war housing has difficulties to be recognized as an architectural heritage worth to preserve. This thesis analyses the phenomenon through case studies, selected within the oeuvre of a representative architect of the period, Georges Candilis, and addresses their current state.
The first part of the present thesis is dedicated to the life and work of Georges Candilis and hence allows to distinguish the competition ¿Opération Million¿ as a key element of his prolific oeuvre concerning construction for the greatest number. This competition, launched by the French government in 1955 in the aftermath of the abbot Pierre¿s appeal during full on housing crises, marks the beginning of the success of the office Candilis-Josic-Woods.
The second part begins with the current state of the ¿Million¿ buildings which is more than deplorable: the majority is demolished or turned unrecognizable after important rehabilitation measures in order to respond to energetic regulations being more and more restrictive. The balance of all identified buildings during this research allowed to define five intervention strategies: demolition, heavy intervention, intermediate intervention, light intervention, preservation. The following five case studies represent these five strategies: the building ¿116¿ in Persan, the cité du Bois Matar in Villeneuve-Saint-Georges, La Louvière in Rambouillet, the cité Jean-Baptiste Renoult in Ivry-sur-Seine and the cité de l¿Etoile in Bobigny.
Hygrothermal simulations are set up with the goal to analyse the existing interventions and to evaluate their energetic performance in a quantitative way. The third part focusses on these simulations. This last part is concluded by a presentation of alternatives and recommendations proposing a middle ground between architectural quality and energetic requirements on the building envelope. 
Thus, the corpus of this work presents three very different parts that offer a global approach, started from the up-to-dateness, to an architectural heritage that is neglected and that would deserve an incontestable recognition.
000268036 592__ $$b2019
000268036 6531_ $$aGeorges Candilis
000268036 6531_ $$apreservation of post-war architecture
000268036 6531_ $$arefurbishment / renovation / rehabilitation
000268036 6531_ $$a¿Opération Million¿
000268036 6531_ $$asocial housing
000268036 6531_ $$aintervention strategies
000268036 6531_ $$aheritage and energy
000268036 700__ $$aWeber, Korinna Zinovia$$g264121
000268036 720_2 $$aGraf, Franz$$edir.$$g161950
000268036 720_2 $$aMarino, Giulia$$edir.$$g171093
000268036 8564_ $$uhttps://infoscience.epfl.ch/record/268036/files/EPFL_TH7806.pdf$$s53642527
000268036 909C0 $$pTSAM
000268036 909CO $$pthesis-public$$pDOI$$pENAC$$ooai:infoscience.epfl.ch:268036$$pthesis
000268036 918__ $$aTSAM$$cIA$$dEDAR
000268036 919__ $$aTSAM
000268036 920__ $$a2019-07-09$$b2019
000268036 970__ $$a7806/THESES
000268036 973__ $$sPUBLISHED$$aEPFL
000268036 980__ $$aTHESIS