Bond-order-modulated staggered-flux phase of thetJmodel on a square lattice

Motivated by the observation of inhomogeneous patterns in some high-Tc cuprate compounds, several variational Gutzwiller-projected wave functions with built-in charge and bond-order parameters are proposed for the extended t−J−V model on the square lattice at low doping. First, following a recent Gutzwiller-projected mean-field approach by one of us [D. Poilblanc, Phys. Rev. B 72, 060508(R) (2005)], we investigate, as a function of doping and Coulomb repulsion the relative stability of a wide variety of modulated structures with square unit cells of size 2×2, √8×√8, 4×4, and √32×√32. It is found that the 4×4 bond-order wave function with staggered-flux pattern (and small charge and spin current density wave) is a remarkable competitive candidate for hole doping around 1∕8 in agreement with scanning tunneling microscopy observations in the underdoped regime of some cuprates. This wave function is then optimized accurately and its properties studied extensively using a variational Monte Carlo scheme. Moreover, we find that under increasing the Coulomb repulsion, the d-wave superconducting RVB wave function is rapidly destabilized with respect to the 4×4 bond-order wave function. The stability of the bond-modulated wave function is connected to a gain of Coulomb and exchange energies. We suggest that such ordering patterns could be dynamical or could spontaneously appear in the vicinity of an impurity or a vortex in the mixed phase of the cuprates. Finally, we consider also a commensurate flux phase, but this wave function turns out not to be competitive because of its rather poor kinetic energy. However, we find it has very competitive exchange and Coulomb energies.


Published in:
Physical Review B, 74, 10, 104506
Year:
2006
Laboratories:


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 Record created 2019-06-24, last modified 2020-04-20

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