Advantages of fluid and white matter suppression (FLAWS) with MP2RAGE compared with double inversion recovery turbo spin echo (DIR-TSE) at 7T

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and white matter (WM) signal suppression techniques allow better visualization of both WM and gray matter (GM) lesions in such disorders as multiple sclerosis and epilepsy. Recently, a technique, FLuid And White matter Suppression "FLAWS", has been proposed at 3 T based on the magnetization-prepared with two rapid gradient echoes (MP2RAGE) sequence. In this study, the FLAWS-MP2RAGE pulse sequence was compared with a double inversion recovery turbo spin echo (DIR-TSE) sequence at 7 T. Twenty-two healthy volunteers were examined. Isotropic spatial resolution of 1 mm and a scan time of approximately 6 min were chosen due to a restricted clinical schedule. Homogeneity of CSF and WM signal suppression was compared with GM signal as an intensity reference. Volumes of GM visualization and specific absorption rates (SARs) were compared using Wilcoxon-rank sum tests with Bonferroni-Holm correction for multiple comparisons. WM-to-GM signal ratios in FLAWS-MP2RAGE images were significantly lower than DIR-TSE (median: 24.5% vs 59.0%, P < 0.0001), whereas CSF-to-GM signal ratios in FLAWS-MP2RAGE were significantly higher than DIR-TSE (57.1% vs 38.3%, P = 0.0001). Ranges of the signal ratios between 20 and 80 percentiles were lower in FLAWS-MP2RAGE than DIR-TSE for WM (24.1% vs 37.2%, P < 0.0001) but were higher in FLAWS-MP2RAGE compared with DIR-TSE for CSF (80.8% vs 63.0%, P = 0.0001). Pixels of low GM signal ( < 20% of the median) were mainly distributed at the skull base, and these low signal GM volume ratios were lower in FLAWS-MP2RAGE than DIR-TSE (2.27% vs 6.18%, P < 0.0001). Median SAR in sixteen subjects was 2.5 times higher in DIR-TSE than in FLAWS-MP2RAGE. FLAWS-MP2RAGE showed superior and more homogenous WM signal suppression, better GM visualization at the skull base and lower SAR compared with DIR-TSE, suggesting superiority of FLAWS-MP2RAGE at 7 T.


Published in:
European Journal Of Radiology, 116, 160-164
Year:
Jul 01 2019
Publisher:
Clare, ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD
ISSN:
0720-048X
1872-7727
Keywords:




 Record created 2019-06-18, last modified 2019-07-11


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