Studying the wettability of Si and eutectic Si-Zr alloy on carbon and silicon carbide by sessile drop experiments

The contact angles of two different systems, molten silicon and a eutectic Si-8 at. pct Zr alloy and their evolution over timeon vitreous carbon and polycrystalline silicon carbide (SiC) substrates were investigated at 1500 degrees C under vacuum, as well as in argon using the sessile drop technique. The contact angle and microstructure of the liquid droplet/solid substrate interface were studied to understand fundamental features of reactive wetting as it pertains to the infiltration process of silicon and silicon alloys into carbon or C/SiC preforms. Both pure Si and theeutectic alloy showed good wettability onvitreous carbon and SiC characterized by equilibrium contact angles between 29 degrees and 39 degrees. Theeutectic alloy showed a higher initial contact angle and slower spreading as compared to that of pure Si. On vitreous carbon bothsilicon and the eutecticalloy formed SiC at the interface, while no reaction was observed on the SiC substrates.


Published in:
Journal Of The European Ceramic Society, 39, 4, 735-742
Year:
Apr 01 2019
Publisher:
Oxford, ELSEVIER SCI LTD
ISSN:
0955-2219
1873-619X
Keywords:
Laboratories:




 Record created 2019-06-18, last modified 2019-06-30


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