Residual stresses of friction melt bonded aluminum/steel joints determined by neutron diffraction

Near interfacial residual stresses are investigated in a joint composed of aluminum alloy and dual phase steel. A small step neutron diffraction scan was initially performed to determine the weld interface position along the measured transverse cross section. Residual stress measurements were then performed in three orthogonal directions for steel and aluminum using {211} and {311} diffraction peaks, respectively. The small step scan enables to identify the wavy nature of the interface, which has been subsequently combined in the residual stress calculation. The resultant of all three components of the residual stresses is almost zero along the mid-thickness of the steel plate, validating the estimated stresses. Near the interface, residual stresses on the steel reveal an "M" shape distribution while in the aluminum sheet they show a "W" shape. The interfacial residual stresses in the steel originate from the thermomechanical processing condition, phase transformation and the mismatch in the coefficients of thermal expansion (CTE). At the vicinity of the interface, the aluminum plate presents a distribution of residual stresses similar to a superposition of residual stresses resulting from an arc welding and the effect of mismatch in CTE.


Published in:
Journal Of Materials Processing Technology, 266, 651-661
Year:
Apr 01 2019
Publisher:
Lausanne, ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
ISSN:
0924-0136
Keywords:
Laboratories:




 Record created 2019-06-18, last modified 2020-04-20


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