Abstract

A FeCrCuMnNi high-entropy alloy was produced using vacuum induction melting, starting from high-purity raw materials. The microstructure and mechanical properties of the as-cast FeCrCuMnNi alloy were studied, considering x-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy, and hardness and tensile tests. XRD results revealed the existence of two FCC phases and one BCC phase. Microstructural evaluation illustrated that the as-cast alloy has a typical cast dendritic structure, where dendrite regions (BCC) were enriched in Cr and Fe. Interdendritic regions were saturated with Cu and Ni and revealed G/B(T) {110}< 111 > and Brass {110}< 112 > as the major texture components. The produced alloy revealed an excellent compromise in mechanical properties due to the mixture of solid solution phases with different structures: 300HV hardness, 950MPa ultimate tensile strength and 14% elongation. Microhardness test results also revealed that the BCC phase was the hardest phase. The fracture surface evidenced a typical ductile failure. Furthermore, heat treatment results revealed that phase composition remained stable after annealing up to 650 degrees C. Phase transformation occurred at higher temperatures in order to form more stable phases; therefore, FCC2 phase grew at the expense of the BCC phase.

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