Biomembrane modeling with isogeometric analysis

We consider the numerical approximation of lipid biomembranes at equilibrium described by the Canham-Helfrich model, according to which the bending energy is minimized under area and volume constraints. Energy minimization is performed via L-2-gradient flow of the Canham-Helfrich energy using two Lagrange multipliers to weakly enforce the constraints. This yields a highly nonlinear, high order, time dependent geometric Partial Differential Equation (PDE). We represent the biomembranes as single-patch NURBS closed surfaces. We discretize the geometric PDEs in space with NURBS-based Isogeometric Analysis and in time with Backward Differentiation Formulas. We tackle the nonlinearity in our formulation through a semi-implicit approach by extrapolating, at each time level, the geometric quantities of interest from previous time steps. We report the numerical results of the approximation of the Canham-Helfrich problem on ellipsoids of different aspect ratio, which leads to the classical biconcave shape of lipid vesicles at equilibrium. We show that this framework permits an accurate approximation of the Canham-Helfrich problem, while being computationally efficient. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.Y. All rights reserved.


Published in:
Computer Methods In Applied Mechanics And Engineering, 347, 103-119
Year:
Apr 15 2019
Publisher:
Lausanne, ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
ISSN:
0045-7825
1879-2138
Keywords:
Laboratories:




 Record created 2019-06-18, last modified 2019-06-25


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