Twist-Induced Snapping in a Bent Elastic Rod and Ribbon

Snapping of a slender structure is utilized in a wide range of natural and manmade systems, mostly to achieve rapid movement without relying on musclelike elements. Although several mechanisms for elastic energy storage and rapid release have been studied in detail, a general understanding of the approach to design such a kinetic system is a key challenge in mechanics. Here we study a twist-driven buckling and fast flip dynamics of a geometrically constrained ribbon by combining experiments, numerical simulations, and an analytical theory. We identify two distinct types of shape transitions: A narrow ribbon snaps, and a wide ribbon forms a pair of localized helices. We construct a phase diagram and explain the origin of the boundary, which is determined largely by the geometry. We quantify the effects of gravity and clarify the timescale dictating the rapid flipping. Our study reveals the unique role of geometric twist-bend coupling in the fast dynamics of a thin constrained structure, which has implications for a wide range of biophysical and applied physical problems.

Published in:
Physical Review Letters, 122, 11, 114301
Mar 22 2019

 Record created 2019-06-18, last modified 2019-06-27

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