Files

Action Filename Description Size Access Comment License License Resource Version
Show more files...

Abstract

Modern online services come with stringent quality requirements in terms of response time tail latency. Because of their decomposition into fine-grained communicating software layers, a single user request fans out into a plethora of short, μs-scale RPCs, aggravating the need for faster inter-server communication. In reaction to that need, we are witnessing a technological transition characterized by the emergence of hardware-terminated user-level protocols (e.g., InfiniBand/RDMA) and new architectures with fully integrated Network Interfaces (NIs). Such architectures offer a unique opportunity for a new NI-driven approach to balancing RPCs among the cores of manycore server CPUs, yielding major tail latency improvements for μs-scale RPCs. We introduce RPCValet, an NI-driven RPC load-balancing design for architectures with hardware-terminated protocols and integrated NIs, that delivers near-optimal tail latency. RPCValet's RPC dispatch decisions emulate the theoretically optimal single-queue system, without incurring synchronization overheads currently associated with single-queue implementations. Our design improves throughput under tight tail latency goals by up to 1.4x, and reduces tail latency before saturation by up to 4x for RPCs with μs-scale service times, as compared to current systems with hardware support for RPC load distribution. RPCValet performs within 15% of the theoretically optimal single-queue system.

Details

Actions

Preview