000264563 001__ 264563
000264563 005__ 20190809142412.0
000264563 0247_ $$2doi$$a10.3390/en12050776
000264563 02470 $$a10.3390/en12050776$$2DOI
000264563 037__ $$aARTICLE
000264563 245__ $$aEco-Sim: A Parametric Tool to Evaluate the Environmental and Economic Feasibility of Decentralized Energy Systems
000264563 260__ $$c2019-02-26
000264563 269__ $$a2019-02-26
000264563 336__ $$aJournal Articles
000264563 520__ $$aDue to climate change and the need to decrease the carbon footprint of urban areas, there is an increasing pressure to integrate renewable energy and other components in urban energy systems. Most of the models or available tools do not provide both an economic and environmental assessment of the energy systems and thus lead to the design of systems that are sub-optimal. A flexible and modular simulation tool, Eco-Sim, is thus developed in the current study to conduct a comprehensive techno-economic and environmental assessment of a distributed energy system considering different configuration scenarios. Subsequently, an intermodel comparison is conducted with the Hybrid Optimization Model for Electric Renewable (HOMER) Pro as well as with a state-of-the-art industrial tool. Eco-Sim is then extended by including the heating demand, thermal conversion (by using heat pumps and solar thermal) methods and thermal storage. A parametric analysis is conducted by considering different capacities of solar photovoltaics (PV), solar thermal panels and energy storage technologies. The levelized cost of electricity, the autonomy level and the CO2 emissions are used as the key performance indicators. Based on the analysis of a study case conducted in a neighbourhood in Geneva, Switzerland, the study reveals that, with the present market prices for batteries and seasonal changes in solar energy potential, the combination of solar PV with battery storage doesn’t bring a significant autonomy to the system and increases the CO2 emissions of the system. However, the integration of thermal storage and solar thermal generation is shown to considerably increase the autonomy of the neighbourhood. Finally, multiple scenarios are also run in order to evaluate the sensitivity of economic parameters on the performance indicators of the system. Under the assumptions of the model, to foster investments in solar PV and battery installations, falling installation costs or stronger policies in favor of renewable energy seem necessary for the future.
000264563 542__ $$fCC BY
000264563 6531_ $$abattery storage
000264563 6531_ $$aelectricity price
000264563 6531_ $$asolar photovoltaic
000264563 6531_ $$asolar energy
000264563 6531_ $$atechno-economic assessment
000264563 6531_ $$athermal energy storage
000264563 700__ $$aSiraganyan, Karni
000264563 700__ $$aPerera, Amarasinghage
000264563 700__ $$aScartezzini, Jean-Louis
000264563 700__ $$aMauree, Dasaraden$$0248387$$g251923
000264563 773__ $$tEnergies$$j12$$k5$$q776
000264563 8560_ $$fbeatrice.marselli@epfl.ch
000264563 8564_ $$zFinal$$uhttps://infoscience.epfl.ch/record/264563/files/Eco-Sim%3A%20A%20Parametric%20Tool%20to%20Evaluate%20the%20Environmental%20and%20Economic%20Feasibility%20of%20Decentralized%20Energy%20Systems.pdf$$s2666170
000264563 909C0 $$zPasquier, Simon$$xU10262$$pLESO-PB$$mmarlene.muff@epfl.ch$$mbarbara.smith@epfl.ch$$0252072
000264563 909CO $$particle$$pENAC$$ooai:infoscience.epfl.ch:264563
000264563 960__ $$abarbara.smith@epfl.ch
000264563 961__ $$afantin.reichler@epfl.ch
000264563 973__ $$aEPFL$$sPUBLISHED$$rREVIEWED
000264563 980__ $$aARTICLE
000264563 981__ $$aoverwrite