000263799 001__ 263799
000263799 005__ 20190619220202.0
000263799 037__ $$aPOST_TALK
000263799 245__ $$aSWEDISH GRACE: A MERE INTERLUDE OR A FACET OF MODERNITY? First housing experiments in Stockholm
000263799 260__ $$c2019-01-31
000263799 269__ $$a2019-01-31
000263799 336__ $$aTalks
000263799 513__ $$aTalks
000263799 520__ $$aSweden forms a strange case in the modern development, which this paper aims to examine in detail through the first housing district experiments in Stockholm. Its position on the fringe of the radical ferment of Europe implied a belated advent of modernism in what some prominent critics see through a monolithic viewpoint. When European avant-garde gradually began to decline, functionalism (Funkis) was born in Sweden, an event usually assigned to the 1930 Stockholm Exhibition. The importation of functional principles was overemphasized as a breakthrough, accompanied by engagement in building better housing and envisaging new spatial ideas. But mass housing was not uniquely a product of functionalism. Even before 1930, municipalities and housing cooperatives made great strides in shaping areas of the outskirts and improving communal spaces in courtyard housing blocks, paving the way for subsequent successful configurations. Yet what was conceived before 1930 tended to get overshadowed, such that so-called Swedish Grace with its classical resonances appeared alien to avant-gardism. Conversely to the image of rupture circulating at that time, Scandinavian modern architecture followed a “fairly peaceful and trouble-free transition” (Pallasmaa, Paavilainen, 1982). Starting from the 1980s, the critical mainstream changed its tune on the multiple legacy of modernity, including neglected, almost forgotten, Swedish Grace. From being considered as a mere “classical interlude” between National Romanticism and Funkis, it came to be viewed as a fully-fledged facet of modernity. One of the first initiative in this regard was the 2nd International Alvar Aalto Symposium in 1982, entitled “Classical Tradition and the Modern Movement where prominent American and Nordic scholars demonstrated their concern in revising the narratives of the modernity and in stressing the importance of classical tradition mainly in the Nordic architecture. Parallel to that, the itinerant exhibition “Nordisk Klassicism 1910-1930” and some monographic issues proposed a conflation of two poles, “Nordic” and “classicism” or “modern” and “classicism” in one word. 1920s housing interventions indeed accepted the demands of a modern metropolis but also developed their critique of history through an imaginative abstraction which transformed the classical vocabulary of façades into a useful tool for aesthetic democratization.
000263799 6531_ $$aNordic classicism
000263799 6531_ $$aSwedish Grace
000263799 6531_ $$amass housing
000263799 6531_ $$ahousing cooperatives
000263799 6531_ $$aFunkis
000263799 6531_ $$aFunctionalism
000263799 6531_ $$a1930 Stockholm exhibition
000263799 700__ $$aMonterumisi, Chiara$$0249824$$g269892
000263799 7112_ $$d31st January-2nd February$$cArchiv für Baukunst - Universität Innsbruck$$aDie Multiple Moderne / The Multiple Modernity
000263799 8560_ $$fchiara.monterumisi@epfl.ch
000263799 8564_ $$uhttps://infoscience.epfl.ch/record/263799/files/Study%20Day%20%C2%BBDie%20Multiple%20Moderne%C2%AB%202019%20Program%202018%2011%2029.pdf$$s84735
000263799 8564_ $$uhttps://infoscience.epfl.ch/record/263799/files/Tagungsprogramm.jpg$$s414689
000263799 909C0 $$xU10226$$pLCC$$mrima.barmada@epfl.ch$$zBlanc, Chantal$$0252216
000263799 909CO $$qGLOBAL_SET$$ppresentation$$pENAC$$ooai:infoscience.epfl.ch:263799
000263799 960__ $$achiara.monterumisi@epfl.ch
000263799 961__ $$afantin.reichler@epfl.ch
000263799 973__ $$aEPFL$$sPUBLISHED
000263799 980__ $$aPOST_TALK
000263799 981__ $$aoverwrite